Cholestasis in infancy
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Cholestasis in infancy its pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment : proceedings of the International Symposium on Cholestasis in Infancy held June 7-9, 1978, Sendai by International Symposium on Cholestasis in Infancy (1978 Sendai-shi, Miyagi-ken, Japan)

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Published by University of Tokyo Press, University Park Press in Tokyo, Baltimore .
Written in English

Subjects:

  • Cholestasis in newborn infants -- Congresses.,
  • Hepatitis, Neonatal -- Congresses.,
  • Biliary atresia -- Congresses.,
  • Infants (Newborn) -- Diseases -- Congresses.

Book details:

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references.

Statementedited by Morio Kasai, Kazuo Shiraki.
SeriesPublication / Japan Medical Research Foundation ;, no. 9, Japan Medical Research Foundation publication ;, no. 9.
ContributionsKasai, Morio, 1922-, Shiraki, Kazuo.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsRJ266.8 .I57 1978
The Physical Object
Paginationxiv, 439 p. :
Number of Pages439
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL4429605M
ISBN 100839141025
LC Control Number79056365

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Sixty-four infants had had extrahepatic atresia of the biliary tree and 60 had had intrahepatic cholestasis. This gives an incidence of about live births for cholestasis. In 4 of the 64 infants with extra-hepatic atresia a bile duct-to-bowel anastomosis had Cited by: For the jaundiced infant, historical and clinical information such as color of the stools, birth weight, and presence of hepatomegaly may provide important clues as to the etiology of cholestasis. Consanguinity or liver disease in siblings suggests the possibility of metabolic, familial, or genetic by:   Neonatal cholestasis affects approximately 1 in every term infants. It is defined as a reduced bile formation or flow leading to the retention of biliary substances which should instead be excreted into bile and eliminated through the intestinal lumen [1, 2].Typical laboratory features are commonly represented by cholalemia and conjugated hyperbilirubinemia.   Among the remaining 33 infants with cholestasis (group 2), gallstones were visible in 19 infants: in the gallbladder lumen in 9 infants, in the common bile duct in 6, and in both in 4. In 28 of the 33 infants, ultrason- ography showed dilation of the intrahepatic and/or extra- hepatic bile ducts (Fig. 1), but in 4 of them this change was.

Cholestatic jaundice affects one in every infants and is characterized by an elevated serum conjugated bilirubin (1, 2).The differential diagnosis of cholestatic jaundice in infants is broad and includes biliary atresia (BA), other structural abnormalities, metabolic disorders and infection ().Biliary atresia is the most common cause of extrahepatic cholestasis in infants (). Cholestasis is a frequent occurrence in newborns, affecting one in every infants. Immaturity of hepatic metabolic and excretory functions contributes to decreased bile production and transport. The potential causes of neonatal cholestasis are extensive, but most cases fall into a few categories, including anatomic, metabolic and infectious. Cholestasis is a central key manifestation of hepatobiliary disease in all age groups. The neonatal liver is more susceptible to cholestasis as compared to older children and adults. The incidence of cholestasis in neonates is 1 in – live births, with the most commonly identified etiology biliary atresia. Cholestasis beyond the Neonatal and Infancy Periods Racha Khalaf, Claudia Phen, Sara Karjoo *, and Michael Wilse y * Department of Medical Education, *Department of Gastro enterology and.

Carlton VEH, Knisely AS, Freimer NB: Mapping of a locus for progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis (Byler disease) to 18qq22, the benign recurrent intrahepatic cholestasis region. Hum Mol Genet , 4: – eonatal cholestasis (NC) is being increasingly recognized as an important cause of chronic liver disease in infants and young children. The etiology and management of cholestasis has changed significantly since the consensus statement last published in [1]. Three objectives were identified at the previous meeting. First, age at which. Methods: Retrospective analysis of data of cohort of infants with Down syndrome and cholestasis who followed up during Results: Among infants with cholestasis who presented during. Neonatal Cholestasis. Neonatal cholestasis is the predominant problem for most patients with bile acid synthetic disorders, other than those with sterol hydroxylase deficiency, which usually does not manifest early in life as neonatal liver disease, except for a few cases of fatal cholestasis of infancy.